Investments in Unconsolidated Real Estate Joint Ventures
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2017
|Equity Method Investments and Joint Ventures [Abstract]|
|Investments in Unconsolidated Real Estate Joint Ventures||
Investments in Unconsolidated Real Estate Joint Ventures
The equity method of accounting is used to account for each of the individual joint ventures. We have an ownership interest in the following unconsolidated real estate joint ventures:
Fees we received for various services provided to our unconsolidated joint ventures were recognized in management, leasing and other services as follows (in thousands):
Our investments in real estate joint ventures are reduced by the percentage of the profits earned for leasing and development services associated with our ownership interest in each joint venture. Our carrying value of investments in unconsolidated joint ventures differs from our share of the assets reported in the “Condensed Combined Balance Sheets - Unconsolidated Joint Ventures” shown below due to adjustments to the book basis, including intercompany profits on sales of services that are capitalized by the unconsolidated joint ventures. The differences in basis (totaling $4.2 million and $3.7 million as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively) are amortized over the various useful lives of the related assets.
In July 2014, we opened an approximately 398,000 square foot outlet center in Charlotte, North Carolina that was developed through, and is owned by, a joint venture formed in May 2013. The joint venture has an outstanding interest-only mortgage loan for $90.0 million at an interest rate of LIBOR + 1.45%. The loan initially matures in November 2018, with the option to extend the maturity for one additional year. Our partner is providing property management, marketing and leasing services to the joint venture.
In June 2016, we opened an approximately 355,000 square foot outlet center in Columbus, Ohio. The development was initially fully funded with equity contributed to the joint venture by Tanger and its partner. In November 2016, the joint venture closed on an interest-only mortgage loan of $85.0 million at an interest rate of LIBOR + 1.65%. The loan initially matures in November 2019, with two one-year extension options. The joint venture received net loan proceeds of $84.2 million and distributed them equally to the partners. We are providing property management, marketing and leasing services to the joint venture.
In October 2012, we opened an approximately 353,000 square foot outlet center in Texas City, Texas that was developed through, and is owned by, a joint venture formed in June 2011. In July 2017, the joint venture amended and restated the initial construction loan to increase the amount available to borrow from $70.0 million to $80.0 million and extended the maturity date until July 2020 with two one-year options. The amended and restated loan also changed the interest rate from LIBOR + 1.50% to LIBOR + 1.65%. At the closing of the amendment, the joint venture distributed approximately $14.5 million equally between the partners. We are providing property management, marketing and leasing services to the outlet center.
In November 2013, we opened an approximately 341,000 square foot outlet center at National Harbor in the Washington, D.C. Metro area that was developed through, and is owned by, a joint venture formed in May 2011. The joint venture has an outstanding interest-only construction loan of $87.0 million with a maturity date of November 2019. The loan carries an interest rate of LIBOR + 1.65%. We are providing property management, marketing and leasing services to the joint venture.
We have a 50/50 co-ownership agreement with RioCan Real Estate Investment Trust to develop and acquire outlet centers in Canada. Under the agreement, any outlet centers developed or acquired will be branded as Tanger Outlet Centers. Prior to July 2017, we provided leasing and marketing services for the outlet centers and RioCan provided development and property management services.Subsequent to July 2017, we have agreed to provide marketing services for the outlet centers and RioCan has agreed to provide development, leasing and property management services.
In October 2014, the co-owners opened Tanger Outlets Ottawa, the first ground up development of a Tanger Outlet Center in Canada. In March 2016, the co-owners opened an approximately 28,000 square foot expansion related to an anchor tenant bringing the total square feet of the outlet center to approximately 316,000 square feet. In 2016, the co-owners commenced construction on a 39,000 square foot expansion, which opened during the second quarter of 2017.
In November 2014, the co-owners opened an approximately 149,000 square foot expansion to the existing Cookstown Outlet Mall, bringing the total square feet of the outlet center to approximately 308,000 square feet.
Other properties owned by the RioCan Canada co-owners include Les Factoreries Saint-Sauveur and Bromont Outlet Mall. Les Factoreries Saint-Sauveur is approximately 116,000 square feet and the Bromont Outlet Mall is approximately 161,000 square feet.
Rental property held and used by our joint ventures are reviewed for impairment in the event that facts and circumstances indicate the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. In such an event, the estimated future undiscounted cash flows associated with the asset is compared to the asset's carrying amount, and if less than such carrying amount, recognize an impairment loss in an amount by which the carrying amount exceeds its fair value.
During 2016, the joint venture determined for its Bromont, Quebec outlet center that the estimated future undiscounted cash flows of that property did not exceed the property's carrying value based on the reduction in the property's net operating income. Therefore, the joint venture recorded a $5.8 million non-cash impairment charge in its statement of operations, which equaled the excess of the property's carrying value over its fair value. The fair value was determined using the income approach whereby the joint venture considered the prevailing market income capitalization rates and stabilized net operating income projections. Our share of this impairment charge, $2.9 million, was recorded in equity in earnings of unconsolidated joint ventures in our consolidated statement of operations.
During 2017, the joint venture determined for its Bromont and Saint Sauveur, Quebec outlet centers that the estimated future undiscounted cash flows of those properties did not exceed the property's carrying value based on the joint venture's expectations of the future performance of the centers. Therefore, the joint venture recorded an $18.0 million non-cash impairment charge in its statement of operations, which equaled the excess of the properties carrying value over its fair value. The fair value was determined using a market approach considering the prevailing market income capitalization rates for similar assets. Our share of this impairment charge, $9.0 million, was recorded in equity in earnings of unconsolidated joint ventures in our consolidated statement of operations.
In May 2016, the joint venture expanded the outlet center in Savannah by approximately 42,000 square feet, bringing the outlet center's total gross leasable area to approximately 429,000 square feet.
As described in Note 3, we acquired our partners' interest in the Savannah joint venture in August 2016 and have consolidated the property for financial reporting purposes since the acquisition date.
As described in Note 3, we acquired our partners' interest in the Westgate joint venture in June 2016 and have consolidated the property for financial reporting purposes since the acquisition date.
In February 2015, we sold our equity interest in the joint venture that owned the outlet center located in Wisconsin Dells, Wisconsin for approximately $15.6 million, representing our share of the sales price totaling $27.7 million less our share of the outstanding debt, which totaled $12.1 million. As a result of this transaction, we recorded a gain of approximately $13.7 million in the first quarter of 2015, which represented the difference between the carrying value of our equity method investment and the net proceeds received.
Condensed combined summary financial information of joint ventures accounted for using the equity method as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 is as follows (in thousands):
No definition available.
The entire disclosure for equity method investments and joint ventures. Equity method investments are investments that give the investor the ability to exercise significant influence over the operating and financial policies of an investee. Joint ventures are entities owned and operated by a small group of businesses as a separate and specific business or project for the mutual benefit of the members of the group.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef